Under Armour API OAuth 2 Introduction

This document is an introduction to the OAuth 2 protocol, which the Under Armour API uses for authentication and authorization. It’s targeted at developers who are familiar with the basics of web applications.

If you’re familiar with OAuth 2 (e.g., if you’ve worked with the Facebook API or other popular APIs), you can probably skip the introductory material and go straight to the technical description.

Background: Motivation for OAuth

You can safely ignore this section if you’re familiar with any version of OAuth.

If you have a web application and you want to access the Under Armour (UA) data for some of your users (e.g., their profiles or latest workouts), you may use the UA API to get it. However, before it can be provided to your application, the user must give you permission to see their data first.

The main question OAuth tries to solve is, in this case, “How does UA know the user doesn’t mind us sending their data to your app?” It was once common for consumer apps to solve this kind of problem by having users hand over their credentials and then impersonating the user to the hosting application. But this approach is actually fairly insecure and inconvenient for everyone involved. Instead, UA asks the user if they authorize your application to see their data. OAuth is simply a protocol for how that authorization gets handled and communicated between the user, Under Armour, and your application.

The OAuth 2 specification describes four types of authorization grant (i.e., ways for the user to authorize your app) designed for a variety of scenarios:

  • authorization code: ideal for server-to-server communication
  • implicit: optimized for in-browser JavaScript applications
  • resource owner password credentials: built for desktop applications or trusted clients
  • client credentials: used when the app is trying to access its own data, not data owned by its users

In this discussion we’ll focus on the authorization code grant.

Background: The actors and how they communicate

You can safely ignore this section if you’re familiar with any version of OAuth.

The complete OAuth 2 process involves six different participants collaborating to facilitate access by your client application to a user’s data stored at Under Armour.

  • Client Developer (you!): a third-party developer who has an application that could use Under Armour users’ data.
  • Client Application: the application you design and implement
  • User: a Under Armour user who uses your Client Application
  • User’s Browser: the web browser that the User uses to interact with the Under Armour website and your Client Application.
  • Under Armour website: User interfaces for you, the Client Developer, to register your Client Application and manage info about it; and user interfaces for the end User to manage the access granted to Client Applications like yours.
  • Under Armour API server: the programming platform that your Client Application uses to negotiate access to Under Armour resources and manipulate those resources on behalf of a User.

Getting an access token: the technical details

Here we’ll describe the OAuth 2 protocol with enough technical detail for you to implement it in the language of your choice. In our demonstration app we’ll implement these details in Python.

We assume that a User has signed up for the Client Application and that you have already gotten a client ID and secret for the app.

  1. The Client Application will have the User’s Browser issue an HTTP GET request to https://www.mapmyfitness.com/v7.1/oauth2/uacf/authorize/ with the following parameters:
    • client_id: the Client Application’s client ID
    • response_type: set to “code” (because this is the authorization code grant flow)
    • redirect_uri: the value of the URL on your server that the User’s Browser should be redirected to. As with many other applications, this value should be UTF-8 encoded and percent-escaped. For example, here is what the constructed URL would be if the client ID is abcd and the URL for redirection is http://www.example.com/callback/?param1=val1 (newlines are for formatting in this document only):


  2. After the User has chosen to authorize the Client Application, the Under Armour API server will respond with a redirect (i.e., its status code will be 302) to the URI specified in the redirect_uri parameter in Step 1. The URI will be appended with a code parameter, the value of which will be used in the next step. The User’s Browser should follow the redirect by issuing a GET request to the redirect URI.

  3. The Client Application should issue a POST request to Under Armour API server’s access token endpoint at https://api.ua.com/v7.1/oauth2/uacf/access_token/. The request’s body should have a content type of application/x-www-form-urlencoded and include the following parameters:
    • grant_type: set to “authorization_code”
    • client_id: the Client Application’s client ID
    • client_secret: the Client Application’s client secret
    • code: the value from the code parameter received from the User Browser’s request in the previous step

    Additionally, it should include a header Api-Key with a value of the Client Application’s client ID. This isn’t required by the OAuth 2 specification but rather by the Under Armour API infrastructure. This header should be included in every communication with the Under Armour API server from this point forward.

The legacy endpoint https://oauth2-api.mapmyapi.com/v7.1/oauth2/uacf/access_token/ is interchangeable Additional grant types can be found through the navigation on the left. Supported types include authorization_code and client_credentials.

  1. The Under Armour API server will authenticate the Client Application by checking the client ID and secret, and (assuming authentication passes) respond with 200 OK with Content-Type application/json and a JSON body with the following data:
    • access_token: a string the Client Application must include on future requests for the User’s data
    • expires_in: the TTL, in seconds, for the access token
    • refresh_token: a string the Client Application may trade to get a new access token
    • scope: the scope of operations allowed to the access token
  2. When the Client Application needs to perform an authenticated action such as changing a User’s data or even requesting non-user specific data that still requires authentication, it must issue all related requests with an Authorization header that has the value Bearer <access token> (excluding < and >). (And of course it must also have the Api-Key header.)

  3. Finally, if the access token has expired or been compromised, the Client Application may use the refresh token – which should never be transmitted over the wire except in this case – to request a new access token. To do so, it must issue a POST request to the access token endpoint and encode the following parameters into the body:
    • grant_type: set to “refresh_token”
    • client_id: the Client Application’s client ID
    • client_secret: the Client Application’s client secret
    • refresh_token: the previously received refresh token

    The response will take the same format as previously, so the Client Application will receive a new access token and refresh token.


You should be ready to get started with Under Armour Users and your Client Application. For ease of use, however, we recommend that you use an OAuth 2 client library to handle OAuth-authenticated actions. We demonstrate how to do this next in the demonstration app.